Until about 40 years ago, hands were protected with shell materials like heavy weight deerskin or bison and lined with fur or hand knit wool.
Now we have a wide variety of technologies that make the outdoors a better experience in all weather conditions.
Great materials exist. The glove designer's real challenge is to develop gloves with the right performance features for weather conditions WITHIN your budget.
Here's a 2-Part series on the materials and technologies we use to design gloves for cold weather..